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Introduction to Sociology

Section Quiz

Introduction to SociologySection Quiz
  1. Preface to Introduction to Sociology
  2. 1 An Introduction to Sociology
    1. Introduction to Sociology
    2. 1.1 What Is Sociology?
    3. 1.2 The History of Sociology
    4. 1.3 Theoretical Perspectives
    5. 1.4 Why Study Sociology?
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  3. 2 Sociological Research
    1. Introduction to Sociological Research
    2. 2.1 Approaches to Sociological Research
    3. 2.2 Research Methods
    4. 2.3 Ethical Concerns
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  4. 3 Culture
    1. Introduction to Culture
    2. 3.1 What Is Culture?
    3. 3.2 Elements of Culture
    4. 3.3 Pop Culture, Subculture, and Cultural Change
    5. 3.4 Theoretical Perspectives on Culture
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  5. 4 Society and Social Interaction
    1. Introduction to Society and Social Interaction
    2. 4.1 Types of Societies
    3. 4.2 Theoretical Perspectives on Society
    4. 4.3 Social Constructions of Reality
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  6. 5 Socialization
    1. Introduction to Socialization
    2. 5.1 Theories of Self Development
    3. 5.2 Why Socialization Matters
    4. 5.3 Agents of Socialization
    5. 5.4 Socialization Across the Life Course
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  7. 6 Groups and Organization
    1. Introduction to Groups and Organizations
    2. 6.1 Types of Groups
    3. 6.2 Group Size and Structure
    4. 6.3 Formal Organizations
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  8. 7 Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
    1. Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
    2. 7.1 Deviance and Control
    3. 7.2 Theoretical Perspectives on Deviance
    4. 7.3 Crime and the Law
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  9. 8 Media and Technology
    1. Introduction to Media and Technology
    2. 8.1 Technology Today
    3. 8.2 Media and Technology in Society
    4. 8.3 Global Implications
    5. 8.4 Theoretical Perspectives on Media and Technology
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  10. 9 Social Stratification in the United States
    1. Introduction to Social Stratification in the United States
    2. 9.1 What Is Social Stratification?
    3. 9.2 Social Stratification and Mobility in the United States
    4. 9.3 Global Stratification and Inequality
    5. 9.4 Theoretical Perspectives on Social Stratification
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  11. 10 Global Inequality
    1. Introduction to Global Inequality
    2. 10.1 Global Stratification and Classification
    3. 10.2 Global Wealth and Poverty
    4. 10.3 Theoretical Perspectives on Global Stratification
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  12. 11 Race and Ethnicity
    1. Introduction to Race and Ethnicity
    2. 11.1 Racial, Ethnic, and Minority Groups
    3. 11.2 Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination
    4. 11.3 Theories of Race and Ethnicity
    5. 11.4 Intergroup Relationships
    6. 11.5 Race and Ethnicity in the United States
    7. Key Terms
    8. Section Summary
    9. Section Quiz
    10. Short Answer
    11. Further Research
    12. References
  13. 12 Gender, Sex, and Sexuality
    1. Introduction to Gender, Sex, and Sexuality
    2. 12.1 The Difference Between Sex and Gender
    3. 12.2 Gender
    4. 12.3 Sex and Sexuality
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  14. 13 Aging and the Elderly
    1. Introduction to Aging and the Elderly
    2. 13.1 Who Are the Elderly? Aging in Society
    3. 13.2 The Process of Aging
    4. 13.3 Challenges Facing the Elderly
    5. 13.4 Theoretical Perspectives on Aging
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  15. 14 Marriage and Family
    1. Introduction to Marriage and Family
    2. 14.1 What Is Marriage? What Is a Family?
    3. 14.2 Variations in Family Life
    4. 14.3 Challenges Families Face
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  16. 15 Religion
    1. Introduction to Religion
    2. 15.1 The Sociological Approach to Religion
    3. 15.2 World Religions
    4. 15.3 Religion in the United States
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  17. 16 Education
    1. Introduction to Education
    2. 16.1 Education around the World
    3. 16.2 Theoretical Perspectives on Education
    4. 16.3 Issues in Education
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  18. 17 Government and Politics
    1. Introduction to Government and Politics
    2. 17.1 Power and Authority
    3. 17.2 Forms of Government
    4. 17.3 Politics in the United States
    5. 17.4 Theoretical Perspectives on Government and Power
    6. Key Terms
    7. Section Summary
    8. Section Quiz
    9. Short Answer
    10. Further Research
    11. References
  19. 18 Work and the Economy
    1. Introduction to Work and the Economy
    2. 18.1 Economic Systems
    3. 18.2 Globalization and the Economy
    4. 18.3 Work in the United States
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  20. 19 Health and Medicine
    1. Introduction to Health and Medicine
    2. 19.1 The Social Construction of Health
    3. 19.2 Global Health
    4. 19.3 Health in the United States
    5. 19.4 Comparative Health and Medicine
    6. 19.5 Theoretical Perspectives on Health and Medicine
    7. Key Terms
    8. Section Summary
    9. Section Quiz
    10. Short Answer
    11. Further Research
    12. References
  21. 20 Population, Urbanization, and the Environment
    1. Introduction to Population, Urbanization, and the Environment
    2. 20.1 Demography and Population
    3. 20.2 Urbanization
    4. 20.3 The Environment and Society
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. Further Research
    10. References
  22. 21 Social Movements and Social Change
    1. Introduction to Social Movements and Social Change
    2. 21.1 Collective Behavior
    3. 21.2 Social Movements
    4. 21.3 Social Change
    5. Key Terms
    6. Section Summary
    7. Section Quiz
    8. Short Answer
    9. References
  23. Index

11.1 Racial, Ethnic, and Minority Groups

1.

The racial term “African American” can refer to:

  1. a black person living in America
  2. people whose ancestors came to America through the slave trade
  3. a white person who originated in Africa and now lives in the United States
  4. any of the above
2.

What is the one defining feature of a minority group?

  1. Self-definition
  2. Numerical minority
  3. Lack of power
  4. Strong cultural identity
3.

Ethnicity describes shared:

  1. beliefs
  2. language
  3. religion
  4. any of the above
4.

Which of the following is an example of a numerical majority being treated as a subordinate group?

  1. Jewish people in Germany
  2. Creoles in New Orleans
  3. White people in Brazil
  4. Blacks under Apartheid in South Africa
5.

Scapegoat theory shows that:

  1. subordinate groups blame dominant groups for their problems
  2. dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems
  3. some people are predisposed to prejudice
  4. all of the above

11.2 Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination

6.

Stereotypes can be based on:

  1. race
  2. ethnicity
  3. gender
  4. all of the above
7.

What is discrimination?

  1. Biased thoughts against an individual or group
  2. Biased actions against an individual or group
  3. Belief that a race different from yours is inferior
  4. Another word for stereotyping
8.

Which of the following is the best explanation of racism as a social fact?

  1. It needs to be eradicated by laws.
  2. It is like a magic pill.
  3. It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.
  4. None of the above

11.3 Theories of Race and Ethnicity

9.

As a Caucasian in the United States, being reasonably sure that you will be dealing with authority figures of the same race as you is a result of:

  1. intersection theory
  2. conflict theory
  3. white privilege
  4. scapegoating theory
10.

Speedy Gonzalez is an example of:

  1. intersection theory
  2. stereotyping
  3. interactionist view
  4. culture of prejudice

11.4 Intergroup Relationships

11.

Which intergroup relation displays the least tolerance?

  1. Segregation
  2. Assimilation
  3. Genocide
  4. Expulsion
12.

What doctrine justified legal segregation in the South?

  1. Jim Crow
  2. Plessey v. Ferguson
  3. De jure
  4. Separate but equal
13.

What intergroup relationship is represented by the “salad bowl” metaphor?

  1. Assimilation
  2. Pluralism
  3. Amalgamation
  4. Segregation
14.

Amalgamation is represented by the _____________ metaphor.

  1. melting pot
  2. Statue of Liberty
  3. salad bowl
  4. separate but equal

11.5 Race and Ethnicity in the United States

15.

What makes Native Americans unique as a subordinate group in the United States?

  1. They are the only group that experienced expulsion.
  2. They are the only group that was segregated.
  3. They are the only group that was enslaved.
  4. They are the only group that did not come here as immigrants.
16.

Which subordinate group is often referred to as the “model minority?”

  1. African Americans
  2. Asian Americans
  3. White ethnic Americans
  4. Native Americans
17.

Which federal act or program was designed to allow more Hispanic American immigration, not block it?

  1. The Bracero Program
  2. Immigration Reform and Control Act
  3. Operation Wetback
  4. SB 1070
18.

Many Arab Americans face _______________, especially after 9/11.

  1. racism
  2. segregation
  3. Islamophobia
  4. prejudice
19.

Why did most white ethnic Americans come to the United States?

  1. For a better life
  2. To escape oppression
  3. Because they were forced out of their own countries
  4. a and b only
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