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Calculus Volume 2

Chapter Review Exercises

Calculus Volume 2Chapter Review Exercises
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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Integration
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Approximating Areas
    3. 1.2 The Definite Integral
    4. 1.3 The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
    5. 1.4 Integration Formulas and the Net Change Theorem
    6. 1.5 Substitution
    7. 1.6 Integrals Involving Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
    8. 1.7 Integrals Resulting in Inverse Trigonometric Functions
    9. Key Terms
    10. Key Equations
    11. Key Concepts
    12. Chapter Review Exercises
  3. 2 Applications of Integration
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 Areas between Curves
    3. 2.2 Determining Volumes by Slicing
    4. 2.3 Volumes of Revolution: Cylindrical Shells
    5. 2.4 Arc Length of a Curve and Surface Area
    6. 2.5 Physical Applications
    7. 2.6 Moments and Centers of Mass
    8. 2.7 Integrals, Exponential Functions, and Logarithms
    9. 2.8 Exponential Growth and Decay
    10. 2.9 Calculus of the Hyperbolic Functions
    11. Key Terms
    12. Key Equations
    13. Key Concepts
    14. Chapter Review Exercises
  4. 3 Techniques of Integration
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Integration by Parts
    3. 3.2 Trigonometric Integrals
    4. 3.3 Trigonometric Substitution
    5. 3.4 Partial Fractions
    6. 3.5 Other Strategies for Integration
    7. 3.6 Numerical Integration
    8. 3.7 Improper Integrals
    9. Key Terms
    10. Key Equations
    11. Key Concepts
    12. Chapter Review Exercises
  5. 4 Introduction to Differential Equations
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Basics of Differential Equations
    3. 4.2 Direction Fields and Numerical Methods
    4. 4.3 Separable Equations
    5. 4.4 The Logistic Equation
    6. 4.5 First-order Linear Equations
    7. Key Terms
    8. Key Equations
    9. Key Concepts
    10. Chapter Review Exercises
  6. 5 Sequences and Series
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 Sequences
    3. 5.2 Infinite Series
    4. 5.3 The Divergence and Integral Tests
    5. 5.4 Comparison Tests
    6. 5.5 Alternating Series
    7. 5.6 Ratio and Root Tests
    8. Key Terms
    9. Key Equations
    10. Key Concepts
    11. Chapter Review Exercises
  7. 6 Power Series
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 Power Series and Functions
    3. 6.2 Properties of Power Series
    4. 6.3 Taylor and Maclaurin Series
    5. 6.4 Working with Taylor Series
    6. Key Terms
    7. Key Equations
    8. Key Concepts
    9. Chapter Review Exercises
  8. 7 Parametric Equations and Polar Coordinates
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 Parametric Equations
    3. 7.2 Calculus of Parametric Curves
    4. 7.3 Polar Coordinates
    5. 7.4 Area and Arc Length in Polar Coordinates
    6. 7.5 Conic Sections
    7. Key Terms
    8. Key Equations
    9. Key Concepts
    10. Chapter Review Exercises
  9. A | Table of Integrals
  10. B | Table of Derivatives
  11. C | Review of Pre-Calculus
  12. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
  13. Index

True or False? Justify your answer with a proof or a counterexample.

322.

The rectangular coordinates of the point (4,5π6)(4,5π6) are (23,−2).(23,−2).

323.

The equations x=cosh(3t),x=cosh(3t), y=2sinh(3t)y=2sinh(3t) represent a hyperbola.

324.

The arc length of the spiral given by r=θ2r=θ2 for 0θ3π0θ3π is 94π3.94π3.

325.

Given x=f(t)x=f(t) and y=g(t),y=g(t), if dxdy=dydx,dxdy=dydx, then f(t)=g(t)+C,f(t)=g(t)+C, where C is a constant.

For the following exercises, sketch the parametric curve and eliminate the parameter to find the Cartesian equation of the curve.

326.

x=1+t,x=1+t, y=t21,y=t21, −1t1−1t1

327.

x=et,x=et, y=1e3t,y=1e3t, 0t10t1

328.

x=sinθ,x=sinθ, y=1cscθ,y=1cscθ, 0θ2π0θ2π

329.

x=4cosϕ,x=4cosϕ, y=1sinϕ,y=1sinϕ, 0ϕ2π0ϕ2π

For the following exercises, sketch the polar curve and determine what type of symmetry exists, if any.

330.

r=4sin(θ3)r=4sin(θ3)

331.

r=5cos(5θ)r=5cos(5θ)

For the following exercises, find the polar equation for the curve given as a Cartesian equation.

332.

x+y=5x+y=5

333.

y2=4+x2y2=4+x2

For the following exercises, find the equation of the tangent line to the given curve. Graph both the function and its tangent line.

334.

x=ln(t),x=ln(t), y=t21,y=t21, t=1t=1

335.

r=3+cos(2θ),r=3+cos(2θ), θ=3π4θ=3π4

336.

Find dydx,dydx, dxdy,dxdy, and d2xdy2d2xdy2 of y=(2+et),y=(2+et), x=1sin(t)x=1sin(t)

For the following exercises, find the area of the region.

337.

x=t2,x=t2, y=ln(t),y=ln(t), 0te0te

338.

r=1sinθr=1sinθ in the first quadrant

For the following exercises, find the arc length of the curve over the given interval.

339.

x=3t+4,x=3t+4, y=9t2,y=9t2, 0t30t3

340.

r=6cosθ,r=6cosθ, 0θ2π.0θ2π. Check your answer by geometry.

For the following exercises, find the Cartesian equation describing the given shapes.

341.

A parabola with focus (2,−5)(2,−5) and directrix x=6x=6

342.

An ellipse with a major axis length of 10 and foci at (−7,2)(−7,2) and (1,2)(1,2)

343.

A hyperbola with vertices at (3,−2)(3,−2) and (−5,−2)(−5,−2) and foci at (−2,−6)(−2,−6) and (−2,4)(−2,4)

For the following exercises, determine the eccentricity and identify the conic. Sketch the conic.

344.

r=61+3cos(θ)r=61+3cos(θ)

345.

r=432cosθr=432cosθ

346.

r=755cosθr=755cosθ

347.

Determine the Cartesian equation describing the orbit of Pluto, the most eccentric orbit around the Sun. The length of the major axis is 39.26 AU and minor axis is 38.07 AU. What is the eccentricity?

348.

The C/1980 E1 comet was observed in 1980. Given an eccentricity of 1.057 and a perihelion (point of closest approach to the Sun) of 3.364 AU, find the Cartesian equations describing the comet’s trajectory. Are we guaranteed to see this comet again? (Hint: Consider the Sun at point (0,0).)(0,0).)

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