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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Why Ethics Matter
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Being a Professional of Integrity
    3. 1.2 Ethics and Profitability
    4. 1.3 Multiple versus Single Ethical Standards
    5. Summary
    6. Key Terms
    7. Assessment Questions
    8. End Notes
  3. 2 Ethics from Antiquity to the Present
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 The Concept of Ethical Business in Ancient Athens
    3. 2.2 Ethical Advice for Nobles and Civil Servants in Ancient China
    4. 2.3 Comparing the Virtue Ethics of East and West
    5. 2.4 Utilitarianism: The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number
    6. 2.5 Deontology: Ethics as Duty
    7. 2.6 A Theory of Justice
    8. Summary
    9. Key Terms
    10. Assessment Questions
    11. End Notes
  4. 3 Defining and Prioritizing Stakeholders
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Adopting a Stakeholder Orientation
    3. 3.2 Weighing Stakeholder Claims
    4. 3.3 Ethical Decision-Making and Prioritizing Stakeholders
    5. 3.4 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  5. 4 Three Special Stakeholders: Society, the Environment, and Government
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Corporate Law and Corporate Responsibility
    3. 4.2 Sustainability: Business and the Environment
    4. 4.3 Government and the Private Sector
    5. Summary
    6. Key Terms
    7. Assessment Questions
    8. End Notes
  6. 5 The Impact of Culture and Time on Business Ethics
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 The Relationship between Business Ethics and Culture
    3. 5.2 Business Ethics over Time
    4. 5.3 The Influence of Geography and Religion
    5. 5.4 Are the Values Central to Business Ethics Universal?
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  7. 6 What Employers Owe Employees
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 The Workplace Environment and Working Conditions
    3. 6.2 What Constitutes a Fair Wage?
    4. 6.3 An Organized Workforce
    5. 6.4 Privacy in the Workplace
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  8. 7 What Employees Owe Employers
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 Loyalty to the Company
    3. 7.2 Loyalty to the Brand and to Customers
    4. 7.3 Contributing to a Positive Work Atmosphere
    5. 7.4 Financial Integrity
    6. 7.5 Criticism of the Company and Whistleblowing
    7. Summary
    8. Key Terms
    9. Assessment Questions
    10. End Notes
  9. 8 Recognizing and Respecting the Rights of All
    1. Introduction
    2. 8.1 Diversity and Inclusion in the Workforce
    3. 8.2 Accommodating Different Abilities and Faiths
    4. 8.3 Sexual Identification and Orientation
    5. 8.4 Income Inequalities
    6. 8.5 Animal Rights and the Implications for Business
    7. Summary
    8. Key Terms
    9. Assessment Questions
    10. End Notes
  10. 9 Professions under the Microscope
    1. Introduction
    2. 9.1 Entrepreneurship and Start-Up Culture
    3. 9.2 The Influence of Advertising
    4. 9.3 The Insurance Industry
    5. 9.4 Ethical Issues in the Provision of Health Care
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  11. 10 Changing Work Environments and Future Trends
    1. Introduction
    2. 10.1 More Telecommuting or Less?
    3. 10.2 Workplace Campuses
    4. 10.3 Alternatives to Traditional Patterns of Work
    5. 10.4 Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and the Workplace of the Future
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  12. 11 Epilogue: Why Ethics Still Matter
    1. Introduction
    2. 11.1 Business Ethics in an Evolving Environment
    3. 11.2 Committing to an Ethical View
    4. 11.3 Becoming an Ethical Professional
    5. 11.4 Making a Difference in the Business World
    6. End Notes
  13. A | The Lives of Ethical Philosophers
  14. B | Profiles in Business Ethics: Contemporary Thought Leaders
  15. C | A Succinct Theory of Business Ethics
  16. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
  17. Index
1Novid Parsi, “Workplace Diversity and Inclusion Gets Innovative,” Society for Human Resource Management, January 16, 2017. https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/0217/pages/disrupting-diversity-in-the-workplace.aspx.
2Novid Parsi, “Workplace Diversity and Inclusion Gets Innovative,” Society for Human Resource Management, January 16, 2017. https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/0217/pages/disrupting-diversity-in-the-workplace.aspx.
3Novid Parsi, “Workplace Diversity and Inclusion Gets Innovative,” Society for Human Resource Management, January 16, 2017. https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/0217/pages/disrupting-diversity-in-the-workplace.aspx.
4Novid Parsi, “Workplace Diversity and Inclusion Gets Innovative,” Society for Human Resource Management, January 16, 2017. https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/0217/pages/disrupting-diversity-in-the-workplace.aspx.
5“Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. Household Data Annual Averages. 2. Employment Status of the Civilian Noninstitutional Population 16 Years and Over by Sex, 1977 to date,” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. https://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat02.htm (accessed July 22, 2018).
6“Indicators (2013),” U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/employment/jobpat-eeo1/2013_indicators.cfm (accessed January 10, 2018).
7Google, https://diversity.google/annual-report/# (accessed July 10, 2018).
8“Diversity in High Tech,” U.S. EEOC. https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/reports/hightech/ (accessed January 12, 2018).
9Lisa Eadicicco, “Google’s Diversity Efforts Still Have a Long Way to Go,” Time, July 1, 2016. http://time.com/4391031/google-diversity-statistics-2016/.
10Pubali Neogy, “Diversity in Workplace Can Be a Game Changer,” Yahoo India Finance, June 18, 2018. Neogy states that greater diversity in the workplace fosters “creativity and innovation,” “opens global opportunities” for the firm, “fosters adaptability and better working culture,” and generally “improves companies’ bottom lines.” https://in.finance.yahoo.com/news/diversity-workplace-can-game-changer-heres-183319670.html.
11Vivian Hunt, Dennis Layton, and Sara Prince, “Why Diversity Matters,” McKinsey & Company, January 2015. https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/organization/our-insights/why-diversity-matters.
12Marcus Noland, Tyler Moran, and Barbara Kotschwar, “Is Gender Diversity Profitable? Evidence from a Global Survey,” Working Paper 16-3, Peterson Institute for International Economics, February 2016. https://piie.com/publications/working-papers/gender-diversity-profitable-evidence-global-survey.
13Daisuke Wakabayashi, “Contentious Memo Strikes Nerve inside Google and Out,” New York Times, August 8, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/08/technology/google-engineer-fired-gender-memo.html.
14Bill Chappell and Laura Sydell, “Google Reportedly Fires Employee Who Slammed Diversity Efforts,” National Public Radio, August 7, 2017. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/07/542020041/google-grapples-with-fallout-after-employee-slams-diversity-efforts.
15Sara Ashley O’Brien, “Engineers Sue Google for Allegedly Discriminating against White Men and Conservatives,” CNN/Money, January 8, 2018. http://money.cnn.com/2018/01/08/technology/james-damore-google-lawsuit/index.html.
16Daisuke Wakabayashi, “Google Legally Fired Diversity Memo Author, Labor Agency Says,” New York Times, February 16, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/business/google-memo-firing.html.
17Michael Bush and Kim Peters, “How the Best Companies Do Diversity Right,” Fortune, December 5, 2016. http://fortune.com/2016/12/05/diversity-inclusion-workplaces/.
18Michael Bush and Kim Peters, “How the Best Companies Do Diversity Right,” Fortune, December 5, 2016. http://fortune.com/2016/12/05/diversity-inclusion-workplaces/.
19“Titles I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA),” US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Approved July 26, 1990. https:www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/ada.cfm.
20Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Pub. L. 101-336.104 Stat. 328. (July 26, 1990).
21Welsh v. United States, 398 U.S. 333, 90 S. Ct. 1792, 26 L. Ed. 2d 308; 29 CFR § 1605.1 (1970).
22Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Supreme Court Rules in Favor of EEOC in Abercrombie Religious Discrimination Case,” U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, June 1, 2015. https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/newsroom/release/6-1-15.cfm.
23Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Supreme Court Rules in Favor of EEOC in Abercrombie Religious Discrimination Case,” U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, June 1, 2015. https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/newsroom/release/6-1-15.cfm.
24United States v. Windsor, 570, U.S. 744 (2013); Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015).
25“Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace,” FindLaw. http://employment.findlaw.com/employment-discrimination/sexual-orientation-discrimination-in-the-workplace.html (accessed January 16, 2018).
26John N. Roberts and Cristian A. Landa, “Return on Equality™, the Real ROE: The Shareholder Case for LGBT Workplace Equality,” Denver Investments, June 2015.
27Jon Schuppe, “Corporate Boycotts Become Key Weapon in Gay Rights Fight,” NBC News, March 26, 2016. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/corporate-boycotts-become-key-weapon-gay-rights-fight-n545721.
28United States of America v. State of North Carolina et al., Amicus Curiae Brief by 68 Companies Opposed to H.B. 2 and in Support of Plaintiff’s Motion for Preliminary Injunction, Case No. 1:16-cv-00425 (TDSJEP), July 8, 2016. http://ftpcontent4.worldnow.com/wbtv/pdf/Legal-brief-filed-by-68-businesses-opposing-HB2.pdf.
29Gretel Kauffman, “Record Number of Corporations Earn Perfect Score for LGBTQ-Friendly Policies,” Christian Science Monitor, December 6, 2016. https://www.csmonitor.com/Business/2016/1206/Record-number-of-corporations-earn-perfect-score-for-LGBT-friendly-policies.
30Emmanuel Saez, “Income and Wealth Inequality: Evidence and Policy Implications,” Contemporary Economic Policy, 35, no. 1 (2017): 7–25.
31Rachel Butt, “America’s Shrinking Middle Class Is Killing the Economy,” Business Insider, June 28, 2016. http://www.businessinsider.com/americas-shrinking-middle-class-hurts-economy-2016-6.
32Rachel Butt, “America’s Shrinking Middle Class Is Killing the Economy,” Business Insider, June 28, 2016. http://www.businessinsider.com/americas-shrinking-middle-class-hurts-economy-2016-6.
33Robert Reich, “Business leaders Worry about Shrinking Middle Class,” SF Gate, June 27, 2014. http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/reich/article/Business-leaders-worry-about-shrinking-middle-5585515.php.
34Robert Reich, “Business Leaders Worry about Shrinking Middle Class,” SF Gate, June 27, 2014. http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/reich/article/Business-leaders-worry-about-shrinking-middle-5585515.php.
35Robert Reich, “Business Leaders Worry about Shrinking Middle Class,” SF Gate, June 27, 2014. http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/reich/article/Business-leaders-worry-about-shrinking-middle-5585515.php.
36Jed Graham, “American’s Paychecks Just Got a Lot Fatter, New Tax Data Show,” Investor’s Business Daily, January 4, 2018. https://www.investors.com/news/economy/americans-paychecks-just-got-a-lot-fatter-new-tax-data-show/.
37Ross Eisenbray, “Businesses Agree—It’s Time to Raise the Minimum Wage,” Economic Policy Institute, October 20, 2014. http://www.epi.org/blog/businesses-agree-time-raise-minimum-wage/.
38Ross Eisenbray, “Businesses Agree—It’s Time to Raise the Minimum Wage,” Economic Policy Institute, October 20, 2014. http://www.epi.org/blog/businesses-agree-time-raise-minimum-wage/.
39U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Employer Costs for Employee Compensation – September 2017,” U.S. Department of Labor, June 8, 2017. https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/ecec.pdf.
40David Neumark and William L. Wascher, Minimum Wages. (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2008), 290. See particularly their conclusion, pp. 285–295.
41Sonali Jain-Chandra, “Why Gender and Income Inequality Are Linked,” World Economic Forum, October 27, 2015. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/10/why-gender-and-income-inequality-are-linked/.
42Kevin Miller, “The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap,” American Association of University Women. https://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/ (accessed July 22, 2018).
43Bryce Covert, “New Jersey’s Equal Pay Law Is the New Gold Standard,” Huffington Post, April 4, 2018. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/opinion-covert-equal-pay-day-new-jersey_us_5acbc59be4b0337ad1ead22d.
44“Animals in Science/Alternatives,” NEAVS. https://www.neavs.org/alternatives/in-testing
45Stephen Latham, “U.S. Law and Animal Experimentation: A Critical Primer,” The Hastings Center, 2012. http://animalresearch.thehastingscenter.org/report/u-s-law-and-animal-experimentation-a-critical-primer/.
46Lauren Choplin, “Habeas Corpus Experts Offer Support for Chimpanzee Rights Cases,” Nonhuman Rights Project, March 8, 2018. https://www.nonhumanrights.org/blog/habeas-corpus-experts/.
47“Fact Sheet: Cosmetic Testing,” The Humane Society of the United States. http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/cosmetic_testing/qa/questions_answers.html?refer
48“The Mission,” Rescue and Freedom Project. http://bfp.org/about-bfp/ (accessed January 5, 2018).
49Wendy Newell, “The Beagle Freedom Project Gives Retired Lab Dogs Forever Homes,” Dogster, January 16, 2015. https://www.dogster.com/lifestyle/beagle-freedom-project-lab-animal-testing.
50“Animals in Science/Alternatives,” New England Anti-Vivisection Society, 2018. https://www.neavs.org/alternatives/in-testing (accessed January 9, 2018).
51People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, searchable database. https://features.peta.org/cruelty-free-company-search/index.aspx (accessed June 1, 2018).
52“Pet Industry Market Size & Ownership Statistics,” American Pet Products Association, 2017. http://www.americanpetproducts.org/press_industrytrends.asp (accessed January 9, 2018).
53Jenna Goudreau, “The Pet Culture,” Forbes, October 15, 2009. https://www.forbes.com/2009/10/15/pets-dogs-cats-forbes-woman-time-children.
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