________ dictate the terms and conditions state governments would have to meet in order to qualify for financial assistance in a specific policy area.
- Categorical grants
- Block grants
- Unfunded mandates
- Crossover sanctions
The Tenth Amendment created a class of powers exclusive to state governments. These powers are referred to as ________.
- enumerated powers
- implied powers
- reserved powers
- none of the above
Dillon’s Rule gives local governments the freedom and flexibility to make decisions for themselves.
Under the Articles of Confederation, the federal government was quite weak relative to the states. What changes were made to strengthen the role of the federal government under the U.S. Constitution?
In a ________ political culture, the government is seen as a mechanism for maintaining the existing social order or status quo.
Under a ________ political culture, citizens will tend to be more tolerant of corruption from their political leaders and less likely to see politics as a noble profession in which all citizens should engage.
________ was the first state to institute all mail-in voting and automatic voter registration.
- New York
A ________ is an officeholder who represents the will of those who elected him or her and acts in constituents’ expressed interest.
In a ________ legislature, members tend to have low salaries, shorter sessions, and few staff members to assist them with their legislative functions.
A(n) ________ veto allows the governor to cross out budget lines in the legislature-approved budget, while signing the remainder of the budget into law.
Which branch would you consider to be closest to the people? Why?
Under consecutive term limits, legislators can serve one time for the number of years allotted and are not permitted to ever compete for the office again.
The most common term limit across the states that have imposed them is ________ years.
When term limits have been overturned, the most common method was ________.
- a bill passed by the state legislature
- a decision by the state Supreme Court
- a voter referendum
- a governor’s decree
Term limits have produced a statistically significant increase in the number of women serving in state legislatures.
Currently, ________ states have term limits in place.
Under the mayor-council system, the ________.
- legislative and executive responsibilities are separated
- political and administrative functions are separated
- mayor chairs the city council
- city council selects the mayor
Which of the following is not one of the three forms of county government?
- the commission system
- the council-elected executive system
- the mayor-council system
- the council-administrator system
What are the primary responsibilities of municipal governments?