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American Government 2e

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American Government 2eReview Questions
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  1. Preface
  2. Students and the System
    1. 1 American Government and Civic Engagement
      1. Introduction
      2. 1.1 What is Government?
      3. 1.2 Who Governs? Elitism, Pluralism, and Tradeoffs
      4. 1.3 Engagement in a Democracy
      5. Key Terms
      6. Summary
      7. Review Questions
      8. Critical Thinking Questions
      9. Suggestions for Further Study
    2. 2 The Constitution and Its Origins
      1. Introduction
      2. 2.1 The Pre-Revolutionary Period and the Roots of the American Political Tradition
      3. 2.2 The Articles of Confederation
      4. 2.3 The Development of the Constitution
      5. 2.4 The Ratification of the Constitution
      6. 2.5 Constitutional Change
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
    3. 3 American Federalism
      1. Introduction
      2. 3.1 The Division of Powers
      3. 3.2 The Evolution of American Federalism
      4. 3.3 Intergovernmental Relationships
      5. 3.4 Competitive Federalism Today
      6. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
  3. Individual Agency and Action
    1. 4 Civil Liberties
      1. Introduction
      2. 4.1 What Are Civil Liberties?
      3. 4.2 Securing Basic Freedoms
      4. 4.3 The Rights of Suspects
      5. 4.4 Interpreting the Bill of Rights
      6. Key Terms
      7. Summary
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
      10. Suggestions for Further Study
    2. 5 Civil Rights
      1. Introduction
      2. 5.1 What Are Civil Rights and How Do We Identify Them?
      3. 5.2 The African American Struggle for Equality
      4. 5.3 The Fight for Women’s Rights
      5. 5.4 Civil Rights for Indigenous Groups: Native Americans, Alaskans, and Hawaiians
      6. 5.5 Equal Protection for Other Groups
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
    3. 6 The Politics of Public Opinion
      1. Introduction
      2. 6.1 The Nature of Public Opinion
      3. 6.2 How Is Public Opinion Measured?
      4. 6.3 What Does the Public Think?
      5. 6.4 The Effects of Public Opinion
      6. Key Terms
      7. Summary
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
      10. Suggestions for Further Study
    4. 7 Voting and Elections
      1. Introduction
      2. 7.1 Voter Registration
      3. 7.2 Voter Turnout
      4. 7.3 Elections
      5. 7.4 Campaigns and Voting
      6. 7.5 Direct Democracy
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
  4. Toward Collective Action: Mediating Institutions
    1. 8 The Media
      1. Introduction
      2. 8.1 What Is the Media?
      3. 8.2 The Evolution of the Media
      4. 8.3 Regulating the Media
      5. 8.4 The Impact of the Media
      6. Key Terms
      7. Summary
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
      10. Suggestions for Further Study
    2. 9 Political Parties
      1. Introduction
      2. 9.1 What Are Parties and How Did They Form?
      3. 9.2 The Two-Party System
      4. 9.3 The Shape of Modern Political Parties
      5. 9.4 Divided Government and Partisan Polarization
      6. Key Terms
      7. Summary
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
      10. Suggestions for Further Study
    3. 10 Interest Groups and Lobbying
      1. Introduction
      2. 10.1 Interest Groups Defined
      3. 10.2 Collective Action and Interest Group Formation
      4. 10.3 Interest Groups as Political Participation
      5. 10.4 Pathways of Interest Group Influence
      6. 10.5 Free Speech and the Regulation of Interest Groups
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
  5. Delivering Collective Action: Formal Institutions
    1. 11 Congress
      1. Introduction
      2. 11.1 The Institutional Design of Congress
      3. 11.2 Congressional Elections
      4. 11.3 Congressional Representation
      5. 11.4 House and Senate Organizations
      6. 11.5 The Legislative Process
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
    2. 12 The Presidency
      1. Introduction
      2. 12.1 The Design and Evolution of the Presidency
      3. 12.2 The Presidential Election Process
      4. 12.3 Organizing to Govern
      5. 12.4 The Public Presidency
      6. 12.5 Presidential Governance: Direct Presidential Action
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
    3. 13 The Courts
      1. Introduction
      2. 13.1 Guardians of the Constitution and Individual Rights
      3. 13.2 The Dual Court System
      4. 13.3 The Federal Court System
      5. 13.4 The Supreme Court
      6. 13.5 Judicial Decision-Making and Implementation by the Supreme Court
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
    4. 14 State and Local Government
      1. Introduction
      2. 14.1 State Power and Delegation
      3. 14.2 State Political Culture
      4. 14.3 Governors and State Legislatures
      5. 14.4 State Legislative Term Limits
      6. 14.5 County and City Government
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
  6. The Outputs of Government
    1. 15 The Bureaucracy
      1. Introduction
      2. 15.1 Bureaucracy and the Evolution of Public Administration
      3. 15.2 Toward a Merit-Based Civil Service
      4. 15.3 Understanding Bureaucracies and their Types
      5. 15.4 Controlling the Bureaucracy
      6. Key Terms
      7. Summary
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
      10. Suggestions for Further Study
    2. 16 Domestic Policy
      1. Introduction
      2. 16.1 What Is Public Policy?
      3. 16.2 Categorizing Public Policy
      4. 16.3 Policy Arenas
      5. 16.4 Policymakers
      6. 16.5 Budgeting and Tax Policy
      7. Key Terms
      8. Summary
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
      11. Suggestions for Further Study
    3. 17 Foreign Policy
      1. Introduction
      2. 17.1 Defining Foreign Policy
      3. 17.2 Foreign Policy Instruments
      4. 17.3 Institutional Relations in Foreign Policy
      5. 17.4 Approaches to Foreign Policy
      6. Key Terms
      7. Summary
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
      10. Suggestions for Further Study
  7. A | Declaration of Independence
  8. B | The Constitution of the United States
  9. C | Federalist Papers #10 and #51
  10. D | Electoral College Votes by State, 2012–2020
  11. E | Selected Supreme Court Cases
  12. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
    17. Chapter 17
  13. References
  14. Index
1.

The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution because ________.

  1. key states refused to ratify the Constitution unless it was added
  2. Alexander Hamilton believed it was necessary
  3. it was part of the Articles of Confederation
  4. it was originally part of the Declaration of Independence
2.

An example of a right explicitly protected by the Constitution as drafted at the Constitutional Convention is the ________.

  1. right to free speech
  2. right to keep and bear arms
  3. right to a writ of habeas corpus
  4. right not to be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment
3.

The Fourteenth Amendment was critically important for civil liberties because it ________.

  1. guaranteed freed slaves the right to vote
  2. outlawed slavery
  3. helped start the process of selective incorporation of the Bill of Rights
  4. allowed the states to continue to enact black codes
4.

Briefly explain the difference between civil liberties and civil rights.

5.

Briefly explain the concept of selective incorporation, and why it became necessary.

6.

Which of the following provisions is not part of the First Amendment?

  1. the right to keep and bear arms
  2. the right to peaceably assemble
  3. the right to free speech
  4. the protection of freedom of religion
7.

The Third Amendment can be thought of as ________.

  1. reinforcing the right to keep and bear arms guaranteed by the Second Amendment
  2. ensuring the right to freedom of the press
  3. forming part of a broader conception of privacy in the home that is also protected by the Second and Fourth Amendments
  4. strengthening the right to a jury trial in criminal cases
8.

The Fourth Amendment’s requirement for a warrant ________.

  1. applies only to searches of the home
  2. applies only to the seizure of property as evidence
  3. does not protect people who rent or lease property
  4. does not apply when there is a serious risk that evidence will be destroyed before a warrant can be issued
9.

Explain the difference between the establishment clause and the free exercise clause, and explain how these two clauses work together to guarantee religious freedoms.

10.

Explain the difference between the collective rights and individual rights views of the Second Amendment. Which of these views did the Supreme Court’s decision in District of Columbia v. Heller reflect?

11.

The Supreme Court case known as Kelo v. City of New London was controversial because it ________.

  1. allowed greater use of the power of eminent domain
  2. regulated popular ride-sharing services like Lyft and Uber
  3. limited the application of the death penalty
  4. made it harder for police to use evidence obtained without a warrant
12.

Which of the following rights is not protected by the Sixth Amendment?

  1. the right to trial by an impartial jury
  2. the right to cross-examine witnesses in a trial
  3. the right to remain silent
  4. the right to a speedy trial
13.

The double jeopardy rule in the Bill of Rights forbids which of the following?

  1. prosecuting someone in a state court for a criminal act he or she had been acquitted of in federal court
  2. prosecuting someone in federal court for a criminal act he or she had been acquitted of in a state court
  3. suing someone for damages for an act the person was found not guilty of
  4. none of these options
14.

The Supreme Court has decided that the death penalty ________.

  1. is always cruel and unusual punishment
  2. is never cruel and unusual punishment
  3. may be applied only to acts of terrorism
  4. may not be applied to those who were under 18 when they committed a crime
15.

Explain why someone accused of a crime might negotiate a plea bargain rather than exercising the right to a trial by jury.

16.

Explain the difference between a criminal case and a civil case.

17.

Which of the following rights is not explicitly protected by some state constitutions?

  1. the right to hunt
  2. the right to privacy
  3. the right to polygamous marriage
  4. the right to a free public education
18.

The right to privacy has been controversial for all the following reasons except ________.

  1. it is not explicitly included in the Constitution or Bill of Rights
  2. it has been interpreted to protect women’s right to have an abortion
  3. it has been used to overturn laws that have substantial public support
  4. most U.S. citizens today believe the government should be allowed to outlaw birth control
19.

Which of the following rules has the Supreme Court said is an undue burden on the right to have an abortion?

  1. Women must make more than one visit to an abortion clinic before the procedure can be performed.
  2. Minors must gain the consent of a parent or judge before seeking an abortion.
  3. Women must notify their spouses before having an abortion.
  4. Women must be informed of the health consequences of having an abortion.
20.

A major difference between most European countries and the United States today is ________.

  1. most Europeans don’t use technologies that can easily be tracked
  2. laws in Europe more strictly regulate how government officials can use tracking technology
  3. there are more legal restrictions on how the U.S. government uses tracking technology than in Europe
  4. companies based in Europe don’t have to comply with U.S. privacy laws
21.

Explain the difference between a right listed in the Bill of Rights and a common-law right.

22.

Describe two ways in which new technological developments challenge traditional notions of privacy.

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© Feb 21, 2019 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 license. The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.